An Overview on the Importance of Sports Medicine Physicians
Sports medicine focuses on improving athletic performance, treating orthopedic injuries and preventing future injuries. A sports injury occurs to the musculoskeletal system and typically happens during a sporting activity or exercise. Dr. Nikhil Verma is a sports medicine physician serving the communities of Chicago, Westchester, Oak Brook and Hinsdale, Illinois who specializes in treating injuries to the shoulder, elbow and knee and all sports related injuries.
Types of Sports Injuries
Sports injuries are classified as acute or chronic. An acute injury occurs suddenly while playing sports or exercising, like a sprained ankle or broken bone. Chronic injuries occur over time while playing sports or exercising. Arthritis, stress fractures and tennis elbow are all classified as chronic injuries.
Sports injuries can be caused by a number of reasons such as an accident, poor training practices or improper gear. Not warming up or stretching enough before play or exercise can also lead to injuries.
Some of the most common sports injuries include:
- Ankle sprain: symptoms include pain, swelling and stiffness.
- Bruises: a blow can cause small bleeds into the skin.
- Concussion: mild reversible brain injury from a blow to the head, which may be associated with loss of consciousness. Symptoms include headache, dizziness and short-term memory loss.
- Cuts and abrasions: are usually caused by falls. The knees and hands are particularly prone.
- Dehydration: losing too much fluid can lead to heat exhaustion and heat stroke.
- Groin strain: symptoms include pain and swelling.
- Hamstring strain: symptoms include pain, swelling and bruising.
- Knee joint injuries: symptoms include pain, swelling and stiffness. The ligaments, tendons or cartilage can be affected.
- Stress fractures: The impact of repeated jumping or running on hard surfaces can eventually stress and crack bone in the lower limbs.
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