MCL Injury Treatment
Non-surgical treatment is commonly recommended by Dr. Verma for a grade 1 or grade 2 torn MCL. A grade 3 MCL tear typically requires a surgical intervention to return the ligament to its proper function.
A partially torn MCL with limited knee instability may be effectively treated with a combination of rest, ice, heat, physical therapy and bracing. If the MCL is stretched or partially torn, then conservative treatment usually corrects the ligament allowing functional recovery and a return to all activities in 6-8 weeks.
A complete tear of the MCL may require a surgical approach to repair or reconstruct the ligament and alleviate MCL injury symptoms. If surgery is needed, Dr. Verma may recommend an open procedure to repair or reconstruct the ligament. If possible, he will suture the torn MCL and perform a repair in order to promote healing. If this is not possible, he will perform either an augmentation (suturing the remaining ligament and reinforcing with a graft) or a complete reconstruction (reconstructing the entire ligament with a graft) depending on the degree of injury. The grafts are typically taken from the patient or are a donated graft from another individual.
In addition, high grade MCL injuries are commonly associated with other ligament injuries within the joint such as ACL or PCL tears. In this situation, the other ligaments are repaired or reconstructed at the time of surgery.
For more information on MCL injury symptoms and treatment options, please contact the office of Dr. Nikhil Verma, orthopedic knee specialist in the Chicago, Westchester, Oak Brook and Hinsdale, Illinois area.