Treatment of Shoulder Instability
Once the dislocated shoulder is reduced, Dr. Verma will assess the injury, examine the shoulder thoroughly and obtain an X-ray or other diagnostic tests. Specific tests used to determine the extent of shoulder instability are the posterior load and jerk test, sulcus sign and apprehension and relocation test. In addition, an MRI scan can help define the extent of the damage.
The decision for non-surgical or surgical treatment depends on the overall severity of the shoulder injury, previous dislocations, patient activity level and patient age.
Dr. Verma may use a combination of ice, rest, immobilization in a sling or other devise and physical therapy for a few weeks following the injury. Physical therapy is often recommended to help strengthen the shoulder joint. Athletes benefit the most from physical therapy in many cases.
If non-surgical treatment options do not prove to be beneficial and dislocation of the shoulder becomes recurrent, Dr. Verma may recommend shoulder surgery to secure and repair the ligaments and surrounding labrum. Arthroscopic surgery is recommended by Dr. Verma in many cases. This procedure is highly effective in alleviating shoulder instability and returning patients to their activities.
For more information on a dislocated shoulder and shoulder instability, or to learn more about arthroscopic shoulder surgery as a shoulder dislocation treatment option, please contact the orthopedic practice of Dr. Nikhil Verma, shoulder specialist serving the Chicago, Westchester, Oak Brook and Hinsdale, Illinois communities.